The Role of BIM in AEC industry
BIM which refers to building information modelling is a technique that has been adopted in the AEC industry that helps to plan and manage projects effectively. During the design process, BIM facilitates creation of digital representations of buildings by using geometry and relevant data. This technology has made a positive impact in this industry as there are benefits such as utilizationof software tools. BIM also helps to improve the operability between construction teams, effective coordination of construction projects as well as better scheduling. BIM helps the design team which mainly consists of architects, engineers and surveyors to come up with a virtual information model which they pass on to contractors to implement. Even before moving to the site of construction, the design team is able to get a virtual construction model of the project.
BIM helps to provide high quality as well as accurate documentation of the construction process. The building lifecycle is also significantly minimized in order to increase the level of interaction between architects, contractors as well as engineers. It also helps in coordination during the various stages of the building lifecycle which helps to eliminate any conflicts between the experts. Besides production of accurate quantity take-offs, BIM also helps to provide improved construction management during the entire process. Projects that done with the aid of BIM technology tend to be more accurate and cost-effective as well.
With the help of BIM, the 3D objects of the design can be analyzed by the computer in order to identify any errors and correct them automatically thus making this technology more superior as compared to manual drawings. Due to this capability of BIM, any errors and change orders in the building model are identified and reduced. The data provided by building information modelling can be used in plenty of ways such as generate material bills which is essential during cost estimation or making orders for materials. Building models therefore allow integration of most processes involved in a construction project.
BIM makes use of tools that are quite different unlike those used in CADD. Online simulation of a construction model is what BIM mostly involves and the process provides better products that are cheaper to owners. This technology is characterized by use of coordinated computable information on a building project during design as well as construction. Creation of the model enhances better decision making, construction planning, performance predictions as well as cost estimates. This kind of technology is usually implemented during the entire building life cycle which includes the maintenance and operation stages.
BIM enables creation of different components of construction in order to reduce the design lifecycle before its implemented. Another advantage of using BIM technology is that aids in eliminating wastage of construction material which leads to lower project costs.