Special education is specially designed instruction and services to meet the unique needs of students with disabilities, and can include academic services, speech-language services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, and counseling services. It would be another twenty years before this concept was applied to children with handicaps, especially learning disabilities, trying to receive an education. This may include the IEP (Individual Education Plan) containing specific objectives and an outline of special education services that meet the needs of the student. Encourages students to pursue the dual degree of Master of Social Work through the School of Social Work. IEPs outline the goals and services for each student, such as sessions with the school psychologists, counselors, and special education teachers. Some alternative certification programs allow candidates to begin teaching immediately, under the close supervision of an experienced teacher. Another noted occurrence of special education is when Anne Sullivan Macy worked tirelessly to develop reading and communication skills in the child, Helen Keller, who was deaf, could not speak and blind.
In fact, shortly after Brown was decided the Illinois Supreme Court found that compulsory education did not apply to mentally impaired students, and as late as 1969, it was a crime to try to enroll a handicapped child in a public school if that child had ever been excluded.
For information about teacher preparation programs and certification requirements, visit or contact your state’s board of education. The principal and special education teacher work with classroom teachers and parents to provide support to students who need it. Graduates work in schools and as researchers who improve the lives of all students and contribute to the knowledge base that guides special education policy and practice. They also help general education teachers adapt their lessons to the needs of students with disabilities. With advocacy and more children who had disabilities attending schools, the Education of all Handicapped Children Act was established. California credential holders may take the Special Education Credential program independently of our advanced degree programs. Some states allow special education teachers to transfer their licenses from another state.
Our philosophy of inclusion is also supported by the use of universal design for learning to support the creation of quality programs for all students using a differentiated instruction framework. Special Education is a fund holder for students in the Ongoing Resourcing Scheme (ORS) and the School High Health Needs Fund (SHHNF). Curry’s special education faculty members are associated with many different professional organizations. Special education provides services for individuals with disabilities and the gifted, based on their unique educational needs, so they can make progress in educational environments where they would otherwise be likely to have limited success.
As a result, many schools have difficulties recruiting and retaining special education teachers. The Ongoing Resourcing Scheme (ORS) provides support for students with the highest level of need for special education to join in and learn alongside other students at school. Section 23 educational programs are funded by the Ministry of Education and are for students unable to attend regular or special education classes within a community school.