An advisor in the education department will be assigned upon the student’s admission to a teacher education program, though the primary advisor resides in the major department. ISCED 2011 distinguishes nine levels of education: early childhood education (level 0); primary education (level 1); lower secondary education (level 2); upper secondary education (level 3); post-secondary non-tertiary education (level 4); short-cycle tertiary education (level 5); bachelor’s or equivalent level (level 6); master’s or equivalent level (level 7); doctoral or equivalent level (level 8). The first results based on ISCED 2011 have been published in 2015.
The pupil-teacher ratio for lower secondary education ranged among the EU Member States from less than 8.0 in Latvia, Malta, Lithuania and Greece, to 15.4 in France, with the ratio in the United Kingdom (18.5) above this range; Liechtenstein (7.9) also reported a low ratio, while Turkey (19.3) reported a ratio above that in the United Kingdom.
As of October 2004, there has been heated discussion on proposed changes in the education system, which includes (amongst others) reduction of the duration of secondary education from seven years to six years, and merging the two exams HKCEE and HKALE into one exam, Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE).
Pupil-teacher ratios for post-secondary non-tertiary education are available for 16 of the EU Member States in 2013 and in all of these except three the ratio was higher than for upper secondary education: the exceptions were Slovakia, Sweden and Bulgaria.
The main source of data used in this article is a joint UNESCO/OECD/Eurostat (UOE) data collection on education statistics and this is the basis for the core components of Eurostat’s database on education statistics; in combination with the joint data collection Eurostat also collects data on regional enrolments and foreign language learning.