The Bilingual/Bicultural Education program provides expertise for students to become leaders in a field of growing importance. The measure would directly affect instruction for the state’s 1.3 million English learners and indirectly for those students whose parents want them to be bilingual. Still, the ratios provide a rough idea of how far away California is from having a robust supply of bilingual teachers.
Progressive education advocates see both cultural and academic benefits to a K-12 curriculum structured around progressive education in two languages in tandem, with a more attenuated, but intensive, pathway to mastering both. Many schools around the world use Cambridge programmes and qualifications as the English-medium strand of a bilingual education programme. Under New York law, these parents in fact have the right not to enroll their children in bilingual classes and, later, to remove them from bilingual classes, but in practice the pressure from school personnel is almost impossible to overcome. California, Texas, New York, and Florida, states with the greatest concentration of immigrants, have each reported more than one hundred different language groups in the schools. In 1998, California approved Proposition 227 , dramatically shrinking the scope of bilingual education in the state.
A bilingual authorization is required for any class that offers instruction in another language (other than foreign language classes), according to Joshua Speaks, a legislative representative for the credentialing commission. With special strength in the past ten years bilingual education has worked at most elementary schools.
In Israel, bilingual education programs not only help both the Arabic-and Hebrew-speaking populations become bilingual, they also teach Hebrew to immigrants from around the world. Bilingual education remained dormant for the next five decades, until the socially conscious 1960s gave rise to numerous programs for disadvantaged” children. The assumption that a bilingual person is more proficient in one of his languages than the other. Riding on the tails of the Great Society programs was the 1968 Bilingual Education Act, originally designed to improve the condition of poverty-stricken Hispanic children. More than 80 percent of English learners in California speak Spanish, according to the California Department of Education. Ohio was one of the first states in the nation to authorize bilingual education (German-English) in the public school system.
China uses a subtractive bilingual education system in which they are taught in their mother tongue language until they are competent enough to be taught in Mandarin (as Mandarin is the official language of instruction in China). The controversy over bilingual education is often enmeshed in a larger political and cultural context. Those who complete the program may apply to the Colorado Department of Education for the added endorsement. Until now, 75% of federal funds are ear-marked for native language instruction programs.