Proposition 58, which touts English proficiency but could pave the way to the return of bilingual education, would win easily if the election were held today — as long as voters only read the ballot summary, according to a recent Field-IGS Poll. Between 1968 and 1973 bilingual education took root in Chicago, fueled by a state mandate in 1973 (with funding provided) that required instruction in a child’s native language when 20 or more students at a single school spoke the same language. The only other alternative to bilingual education is immersion-and studies have shown that immersion isn’t cheap either.
It is a credit to their honesty that the major conclusions of the NRC study are published, conclusions that do serious damage to the mythology of bilingual education. Promoting parent understanding of American schools and encouraging parent involvement in school activities are also by-products of bilingual education. In 1975 the National Association of Bilingual Education held its fourth annual conference in Chicago, bringing recognition to the pioneering efforts of Chicago educators and providing a forum for bilingual practitioners.
When Cristina Alfaro, chair of the San Diego State University Department of Dual Language and English Learner Education , conducted a faculty search a few years back, she had 20 applicants, only six of whom she felt met the basic job requirements. Highlights of our programs are our outstanding faculty who offer nurturing academic environments for learning through traditional, hybrid, and online course delivery. Proposition 58 would remove the requirement that English learners be taught in English-only classes and would allow public schools to choose their own language instruction programs. Focuses on the students in bilingual and ESL programs and politics surrounding their education.
Opponents make the case that bilingual education allows minorities who speak a primary language other than English to resist assimilation and avoid learning and becoming fluent in English. Most certificate programs are credit-bearing, and many are eligible for federal financial aid for students who qualify. One of the most notable was the eight-year (1984-1991) Longitudinal Study of Structured English Immersion Strategy, Early-Exit and Late-Exit Programs for Language-Minority Children. In order to provide culturally and linguistically appropriate instruction, one must first formulate an operational definition of culture. At the time Proposition 227 made it on the ballot, more than 400,000 students were enrolled in bilingual education programs in California schools.
New York state law limits participation in a bilingual program to three years, but this can be extended up to six years, based on an individual review of each student’s progress. Instruction is provided through both languages and the goal of these programs is for all students to become proficient in both languages.